做物流搞货代的朋友对这些英语词汇一定不陌生

渝新欧2018-08-09 07:45:35


分享一些物流运输中的英语词汇,有些是经常会用到的,有些不经常出现,就当是温习一下吧。


(1)物流英语之基本概念术语

1.物品 article

2.物流 logistics

3.物流活动 logistics activity

4.物流作业 logistics operation

5.物流模数 logistics modulus

6.物流技术 logistics technology

7.物流成本 logistics cost

8.物流管理 logistics management

9.物流中心 logistics center

10.物流网络 logistics network

11.物流信息 logistics information

12.物流企业 logistics enterprise

13.物流单证 logistics documents

14.物流联盟 logistics alliance

15.供应物流 supply logistics

16.生产物流 production logistics

17.销售物流 distribution logistics

18.回收物流 returned logistics

19.废弃物物流 waste material logistics

20.绿色物流 environmental logistics

21.企业物流 internal logistics

22.社会物流 external logistics

23.军事物流 military logistics

24.国际物流 international logistics

25.第三方物流 third-part logistics (TPL)

26.定制物流 customized logistics

27.虚拟物流 virtual logistics

28.增值物流服务 value-added logistics service

29.供应链 supply chain

30.条码 bar code

31.电子数据交换 electronic data interchange (EDI)

32.有形消耗 tangible loss

33.无形消耗 intangible loss 奖罚

    

(2)物流英语之物流作业术语

1.运输 transportation

2.联合运输 combined transport

3.直达运输 through transport

4.中转运输 transfer transport

5.甩挂运输 drop and pull transport

6.集装运输 containerized transport

7.集装箱运输 container transport

8.门到门 door-to-door

9.整箱货 full container load (FCL)

10.拼箱货 less than container load (LCL )

11.储存 storing

12.保管 storage

13.物品储存 article reserves

14.库存 inventory

15.经常库存 cycle stock

16.安全库存 safety stick

17.库存周期 inventory cycle time

18.前置期(或提前期) lead time

19.订货处理周期 order cycle time

20.货垛 goods stack

21.堆码 stacking

22.搬运 handing/carrying

23.装卸 loading and unloading

24.单元装卸 unit loading and unloading

25.包装 package/packaging

26.销售包装 sales package

27.定牌包装 packing of nominated brand

28.中性包装 neutral packing

29.运输包装 transport package

30.托盘包装 palletizing

31.集装化 containerization

32.散装化 containerization

33.直接换装 cross docking

34.配送 distribution

35.共同配送 joint distribution

36.配送中心 distribution center

37.分拣 sorting

38.拣选 order picking

39.集货 goods collection

40.组配 assembly

41.流通加工 distribution processing

42.冷链 cold chain

43.检验 inspection 奖罚



   

(3)物流英语之物流技术装备及设施术语物流

1.仓库 warehouse

2.库房 storehouse

3.自动化仓库 automatic warehouse

4.立体仓库 stereoscopic warehouse

5.虚拟仓库 virtual warehouse

6.保税仓库 boned warehouse

7.出口监管仓库 export supervised warehouse

8.海关监管货物 cargo under customer’s supervision

9.冷藏区 chill space

10.冷冻区 freeze space

11.控湿储存区 humidity controlled space

12.温度可控区 temperature controlled space

13.收货区 receiving space

14.发货区 shipping space

15.料棚 goods shed

16.货场 goods yard

17.货架 goods shelf

18.托盘 pallet

19.叉车 fork lift truck

20.输送机 conveyor

21.自动导引车 automatic guided vehicle (AGV)

22.箱式车 box car

23.集装箱 container

24.换算箱 twenty-feet equivalent unit (TEU)

25.特种货物集装箱 specific cargo container

26.全集装箱船 full container ship

27.铁路集装箱场 railway container yard

28.公路集装箱中转站 inland container depot

29.集装箱货运站 container freight station (CFS)

30.集装箱码头 container terminal

31.国际铁路联运 international through railway transport

32.国际多式联运 international multimodal transport

33.大陆桥运输 land bridge transport

34.班轮运输 liner transport

35.租船运输 shipping by chartering

36.船务代理 shipping agency

37.国际货运代理 international freight forwarding agent

38.理货 tally

39.国际货物运输保险 international transportation cargo insurance

40.报关 customs declaration

41.报关行 customs broker

42.进出口商品检验 commodity inspection 奖罚

   

(4)物流英语之物流管理术语

1.物流战略 logistics strategy

2.物流战略管理 logistics strategy management

3.仓库管理 warehouse management

4.仓库布局 warehouse layout

5.库存控制 inventory control

6.经济订货批量 economic order quantity (EOQ)

7.定量订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FQS)

8.定期订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FIS)

9.ABC分类管理 ABC classification

10.电子订货系统 Electronic order system (EOS)

11.准时制 just in time (JIT)

12.准时制物流 just-in-time logistics

13.零库存技术 zero-inventory logistics

14.物流成本管理 logistics cost control

15.物料需要计划 material requirements planning (MRP)

16.制造资源计划 manufacturing resource planning (MRP II)

17.配送需要计划 distribution requirements planning (DRP)

18.配送资源计划 distribution resource planning (DRP II)

19.物流资源计划 logistics resource planning (LRP)

20.企业资源计划 enterprise resource planning (ERP)

21.供应链管理 supply chain management (SCM)

22.快速反映 Quick response (QR)

23.有效客户反映 efficient customer response(ECR)

24.连续库存补充计划 continuous replenishment program (CRP)

25.计算机付诸订货系统 computer assisted ordering (CAO)

26.供应商管理库存 vendor managed inventory (VMI)

27.业务外包 outsourcing



很多词汇是涉及到海运时,会高频出现的。


A

Advanced B/L 预借提单

Air Waybill 航空运单

All in rate 总运费率

automatic warehouse 自动化仓库

allocation 中转

Anti-dated B/L 倒签提单


B

Backfreight 回程运费

Back (return) load 回程货

bar code 条形码

Barge 驳船

Base Port 基本港

Bay plan 预配图/集装箱船积载图(表)

Bearer ( of a B/L) 提单持有人

Bearer B/L 不记名提单

Bill of Lading 提单

bill of materials 物料清单

Blank Endorsement 空白背书

Bonded Area 保税区

Bonded Goods ( Goods in Bond) 保税货物

bonded warehouse 保税仓库

Book space 洽订舱位

Booking Note 托运单(定舱委托书)

Booking Number 订舱号

Breakbulk cargo 零担货物

Breakage-proof 防破损

Bulk cargo 散装货

Bulk carrier 散货船

Bulk container 散货集装箱

Bunker Adjustment Factor(Surcharge) (BAS or BS) 燃油附加费


C

Cable/Telex Release 电放

Cancellation 退关箱

Cargo Manifest 载货清单(载货舱单)

Cargo under custom'Ssupervision 海关监管货物

carton 纸箱;纸板箱

case 箱

CFS/CFS 站到站

CFS/CY 站到场

Chassis 集装箱拖车;底盘

Clean B/L 清洁提单

Closing date 截至日

COD:Change of Destination 更改目的地(改港)

Combined transport 联合运输

Commodity inspection 进出口商品检验

Congestion surcharge 拥挤费

Consign 托运

Consignee 收货人

Consignor 发货人

Consolidation 集中托运

Consolidation (groupage)拼箱

container 集装箱

Container barge 集装箱驳船

Container Freight Station (CFS) 集装箱货运站

Container terminal 集装箱码头

Container transport 集装箱运输

Container yard (CY) 集装箱堆场

Containership 集装箱船

corrosive 腐蚀性物品

Couriers UPS/TNT/HDS/EMS 快递

Customs broker 报关行

Customs declaration 报关

Cut-off time 截关时间


D

Delivery Order (D/O) 提货单

Demurrage 滞期费

Destuff 卸集装箱

Deviation surcharge 绕航附加费

Direct Additional 直航附加费

Direct B/L 直航提单

Direct transshipment 直接转船

Discharging port 卸货港

Distribution 配送

Dock receipt 场站收据

Docker 码头工人

Door to door 门到门运输

Dry cargo 干货

Dry cargo(freight) container 干货集装箱


E

earliest due date 最早定单完成日期

EDI (electronicdatainterchange)电子数据交换

Entrepot 保税货

Equipment Interchange Receipt( EIR) 集装箱设备交接单

Estimated time of completion(ETC)预计完成时间

Estimated time of departure(ETD)预计离港时间

Estimated time of sailing(ETS) 预计航行时间

Exceptions clause 免责条款

Excess landing 溢卸

explosive爆炸品

Export supervised warehouse出口监管仓库


F

Feeder ship 支线船

Ferry渡轮

firm-planned order 确定定单

First class ship 一级船

Flatcar平板车

Fork lift truck叉车

Force majeure 不可抗力

forklift叉车,叉式升降装卸车

Fork-lift truck 铲车

fragile 易碎品

frame车架

Freeze space冷冻区

freight claim 货物赔偿的要求

Freight collect (freightpayable at destination) 运费倒付

Freight prepaid 运费预付

Freight quotation 运费报价

Full Container Load (FCL)整箱货

Full Container Ship全集装箱船

full-load满载

Fumigation Charge熏蒸费


G

General average 共同海损

General cargo (generals)杂货

global positioning system(gps)全球定位系统

goods collection 集货

goods shelf 货架

goods yard货场

gross requirements 毛需求

Gross weight(GW)毛重

Grounding触底

Gunny bag 麻袋


H

handle with care小心轻放

Handling/carrying搬运

Harbour海港

Harbour dues 港务费

Heavy lift 超重货物

Heavy lift additional (surcharge) 超重附加费

House Air Waybill (HAWB) 航空分运单

House B/L 运输代理行提单


I

Import entry 进口报关

Indemnity 赔偿

inflammable gas 易燃气体

inflammable solid 易燃固体

inflammable liquid 易燃液体

Inspection 检验

Intermodal transportation 多式联运;联合运输

inventory 库存


J

Jettison 抛货

Joint distribution 共同配送

Joint survey 联合检验

Jumbo derrick 重型吊杆


K

keep upright 勿倒置

keep in a dry place 在干燥处保管

keep in a cool place 在冷处保管

keep away from boilers 远离锅炉

keep away from heat 请勿受热

keep away from cold 请勿受冷

keep dry 防湿

kecp away fom moisture 怕湿

keep away form cold 怕冷


L

Land bridge transport 大陆桥运输

Landing,storage and delivery 卸货,仓储和送货费

Lash 用绳绑扎

Laydays (laytime) 装卸货时间

Lay up 搁置不用

lead time 提前期

Less Container Load (LCL) 拼箱货

Letter of indemnity 担保书(函)

liable to tip 易于翻倒

Lift-on lift-off (LO-LO) 吊上吊下

Liner ( liner ship) 班轮

Loading and unloading 装卸

Loading List 装货清单

logistics cost 物流成本

logistics documents 物流单证

logistics enterprise 物流企业

logistics industry 物流产业

Long length additional 超长附加费

Long ton 长吨

Low density cargo 轻货


M

Main deck 主甲板

Main port 主要港口

Manifest 舱单

Marks and numbers 唛头

Master Air Waybill (MAWB) 航空主运单

Mate's receipt 大副收据

Maximum Freight 最高运费

Mean draught 平均吃水

Measurement cargo 体积货物

Measurement rated cargo 按体积计费的货物

Metric ton 公吨

Minimum Freight 最低运费

Misdelivery 错误交货

Misdescription 错误陈述

Mixed cargo 混杂货

More or less (mol.) 增减

move time 传送时间

Multi-modal (Inter-modal, combined) transport B/L 多式联运提单


N

Named B/L 记名提单

Net weight 净重

Neutral packing 中性包装

Non-delivery 未交货

Non-negotiable bill of lading 不可流通的提单

Non-vessel owning(operating) common carrier (NVOCC)无船承运人

Notify party 通知方

Not to be tripped 勿倾倒


O

Ocean (Liner, Sea) waybill 海运单

On Board (Shipped) B/L 已装船提单

On-carriage 货运中转

Open side container 侧开式集装箱

Open top container 开顶集装箱

Order B/L 指示提单

Over weight surcharge 超重附加费

Overheight cargo 超重货物

Overload 超载

Overtime (O/T) 加班时间

Owner's agents 船东代理人

0rder cycle time 订货处理周期


P

Package/packaging 包装

Packing list 装箱单

Pallet 托(货)盘

Parcel 一包,一票货

performance measurement 业绩评价

Perishable goods 易腐货物

physical production 产品配送

Pilot 引航员

Pilotage 引航

planned order releases 计划投入量

planned order receipts 计划产出量

planned order 计划定单

policy and procedure 工作准则与工作规程

Port Congestion Surcharge 港口拥挤附加费

Port Surcharge 港口附加费

Pre-shipment charges 运输前费用

production cycle 生产周期

Protective clauses 保护性条款

Protest 海事声明


Q

Quantity Allocation 已分配量

Quay 码头

Quote 报价


R

Railway container yard 铁路集装箱场

Ramp跳板

Rate 费率

Rate of demurrage 滞期费率

Rate of discharge (discharging) 卸货率

Rate of freight 运费率

Rate of loading 装货

Receiving dates 收货期间

Receiving space 收货区

Refrigerated (reefer)container 冷藏集装箱

Release a bill of lading 交提单

Release cargo 放货

Return cargo 回程货

Rolling cargo 滚装货物

Round voyage 往返航次

Run time 加工时间


S

Safe port (S.P) 安全港口

Sail 航行,离港

Sailing schedule (card) 船期表

Sales package 销售包装

Saturdays,Sundays and holidays excepted 星期六、日与节假日除外

Saturdays,Sundays and holidays included 星期六、日与节假日包括在内

scheduler 计划员

Shipper 托运人,发货人

Shipping agency 船务代理

Shipping instructions 装运须知

Shipping line 航运公司

Shipping Order (S/O)装货单,下货纸

Shipping space 发货区

ship-to 交货地

Short shipment 短装

Shortlanded cargo 短卸货物

Shut out (to) 短装

sorting 分拣

Space utilization 空间利用率

stacking 堆码

Stale B/L 过期提单

Stevedoring charges 装卸费用

Storage 保管

storage duration 存储期

Strip (destuff) a container 卸集装箱

Strip seal 封条

Stuff (to) 装集装箱

Substitution 换船


T

Tanker 油轮

Tariff 费率表

Terminal chassis 场站拖车

Through B/L 联运提单

Time sheet 装卸时间表

time zone 时区

Tractor 牵引车

Trailer 拖车

Transhipment (transshipment,trans-shipment) 转船

Transfer transport 中转运输

Transit cargo 过境货物

Transship (trans-ship) 转船

Transshipment B/L 转船提单

Tray 货盘

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